U.S. Steel Tower

Submitted by Peng on Mon, 10/08/2012 - 08:59
Alternate Names: 
USX, UPMC
Architect Name: 
Harrison & Abramovitz
Date(s): 
1967-1970
Neighborhood: 
Downtown Pittsburgh

Location

600 Grant Street
United States
40° 26' 28.9032" N, 79° 59' 40.9812" W

U.S. Steel Tower, also known as the Steel Building (formerly USX Tower), is the tallest skyscraper in Pittsburgh, the fourth tallest building in Pennsylvania, and the 37th tallest in the United States. Completed in 1970, the tower has 64 floors to 841 ft (256 m) and has 2,300,000 sq ft (210,000 m2) of leasable space.
The U.S. Steel Tower is architecturally noted for its triangular shape with indented corners. The building also made history by being the first to use liquid-filled fireproofed columns. U.S. Steel deliberately placed the massive steel columns on the exterior of the building to showcase a new product called Cor-ten steel. 
 
Bibliography
 

  • Carnegie Mellon University Architecture Archives: miscellaneous
  • The Steel Triangle in the Golden Triangle [brochure]. n.d. Carnegie Mellon University Architecture Archives. 
  • “United States Steel Office Building, Pittsburgh, Pa.”  Architectural Record(April 1967), 159-164.
  • “Pittsburgh Skyscraper Achieves Breakthrough in Steel Fireproofing.” Architectural Record 141:4 (April 1967), [165]-[172].
  • “Under the Hat, Watery Legs.”  AIA Journal 48:6 (December 1967), [55]-[57].
  • United States Steel Corporation.  The Steel Triangle: United States Steel Builds a Corporate Center.  Pittsburgh: United States Steel Corporation, 1969, 1970.
  • U.S. Steel Headquarters Building.”  Civil Engineering 40:4 (April 1970), 58-63.
  •  “Three Story Buildings Stacked in Triangular Frame.”  Engineering News-Record 185:4 (July 23, 1970), 22, 27. 
  • Schneider, H.H.   “New U.S. Steel Office Building in Pittsburgh (Das Neue United States Steel Buerohochhaus in Pittsburgh).”  Stahlbau  39: 10 (October 1970), 298-305.
  • “The Steel Triangle in Pittsburgh's Golden Triangle.”  Contract Interiors 131:5 (December 1971), 96-[109].
  • “Big Steel Spike….”  Architectural Forum 135:5 (December 1971), [24]-[29].
  • “Tripleheader: U.S. Steel's New Headquarters Presents Three Faces to the Pittsburgh Skyline....”  Industrial Design 18:10 (December 1971), [62]-65.
  • “L'acciaio (e acqua) di Pittsburgh.”  L'Architettura 18 (July 1972), 184-5.
  • McCoy, Esther and Barbara Goldstein.  Guide to U.S. Architecture, 1940-1980.  Santa Monica, Calif.: Arts + Architecture Press, 1982.  63.
  • Guise, David.  Design and Technology in Architecture.  New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1985.  146-155.
  • Wright, Silvia Hart.  Sourcebook of Contemporary North American Architecture.  New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1989.
  • Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat.  100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.  Corte Madera, CA: Gingko Press, 1998.  120-121.
  • Campi, Mario.  Skyscrapers: An Architectural Type of Modern Urbanism.  Basel and Boston: Birkhauser, 2000.  80-81.
  • Aurand, Martin.  The Spectator and the Topographical City.  Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2006.
  • ARTstor and/or Esto: photographs
U.S. Steel Tower
U.S. Steel Tower
U.S. Steel Tower

Location

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